Building a wooden cold frame is not difficult, if the right woodworking plans and materials are used. Moreover, even a basic cold frame made of old windows is helpful, as it can protect the plants form bad weather and keep them in a good condition. Nevertheless, it should all start with choosing proper cold frame plans, especially if you don’t have a large expertise in the field and if you want to prevent costly mistakes.
These plans are designed as to make use of your backyard space efficiently. As you will see in the project, you should assemble the components tightly and attach the lids to the frame with hinges, if you want to get the job done as a professional. Always pre-drill the lumber before inserting the galvanized screws and fill the holes with wood putty, before sanding teh surface with medium-grit sandpaper.
Building a cold frame
- 1 - 6 pieces of 1×6 lumber – 45” long SIDE WALLS
- 2 - 2 pieces of 1×6 lumber – 48” long FRONT AND BACK WALLS
- 3 - 6 pieces of 2×4 lumber – 5 1/2″ long POSTS
- 4 - 1 piece of 2×8 – 48″ long TOP SUPPORTS
- 5 - 6 pieces of 2×2 – 18 1/2” long, 4 pieces of 2×2 – 48″ long LIDS
- Hammer, Tape measure, Carpentry square
- Miter saw, Drill machinery, Screwdriver, Sander, Router
- Safety Gloves, Safety Glasses, Respiratory Mask
- One day
Cold Frame Plans
The first step of the project is to build the frame of the mini-greenhouse. As you can see in the image, you need to use 1×6 tongue and groove boards and 2×4 corner posts. Cut the components at the right size using a circular saw and lock them together tightly with galvanized screws. Always align the components at both ends before driving the screws into the posts.
The side walls should be cut as in the image, if you want to create a proper environment for the plants. Cut the ends of the slats at about 30º, using a circular saw with a sharp blade. If you want to get the job done as a professional, we recommend you to use tongue and groove boards.
PRO TIP: In addition, pre-drill the components before inserting the screws, to prevent the wood from splitting. Align the components at both ends, if you want to get a professional result.
In order to reinforce the structure properly and to create a support for the lids of the cold frame, you should place a 2×8 piece of lumber, as in the image. In addition, you should cut both sides of the support at 45º, using a table saw. Place the support on top of the cold frame and lock it into place with 3″ galvanized screws.
Continue the woodworking project by reinforcing the structure of the cold frame with several 2×2 braces. Cut both ends of the braces at 60º, if you want to get the job done in a professional manner. Lock the braces into place with galvanized screws.
Use 2×2 lumber to build the frame of the lids. Drill pilot holes trough the components and insert 3″ galvanized screws. Afterwards, use a router to make a small channel in the frame for the polycarbonate sheets.
PRO TIP: Secure the sheets to the frame thoroughly and lock the lids to the top with metal hinges, as in the image. Align all the components at both ends thoroughly, making sure there are no gaps between them.
Last but not least, you should take care of the finishing touches. Therefore, we recommend you to check if the components are locked into place properly and if the lids open properly. Make sure there are no protruding screws or sharp edges. Moreover, the components should be installed properly, making sure the are no gaps between the slats.
PRO TIP: Fill the holes with a good wood filler and smooth the surface with medium-grit sandpaper. Apply several coats of paint or stain over the components, in order to protect them from decay.
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