Step by step diy woodworking project about pergola plans free. Building a wooden pergola for your backyard will enhance the look of the property and create a nice relaxation area. If you plan everything form the very beginning and choose proper building plans for your needs, you can get the job done by yourself and keep the costs under control. Work with attention and with great care.
There are a large variety of designs and shapes you could choose from, so we strongly recommend you to take a look on the rest of the pergola projects. In addition, you need to use quality materials that are weather-resistant. Cedar, redwood or pine are excellent choices, as they will have a beautiful natural finish and add value to your project. Always align the components at both ends and drill pilot holes before inserting the galvanized screws.
Building a simple pergola
- 1 - 8 pieces of 4×4 lumber – 110″ long POSTS
- 2 - 4 pieces of 2×6 lumber – 144″ long SUPPORT BEAMS
- 3 - 9 pieces of 2×6 lumber – 144″ long CROSSBEAMS
- 4 - 4 piece of 2×2 lumber – 76″ long , 32 pieces – 16 1/2″TRELLIS
- 5 - 2 piece of 2×12 – 113″ long CURVED ELEMENTS
- Hammer, Tape measure, Carpentry Square
- Miter saw, Drill machinery, Screwdriver, Sander
- Safety Gloves, Safety Glasses, Respiratory Mask
- One Weekend
Pergola Plans Free
The firsts tep of the woodworking project is to cut the 4×4 wooden posts at the right size. If you want to get a rigid structure, you should consider setting the posts into concrete and add at least 24″ to the wooden posts.
You have several options when having to install the wooden posts into place. On one hand, you could dig 2-3′ deep holes in the ground and set the posts into concrete. Otherwise, you have the option of pouring concrete footings and using metal anchors.
PRO TIP: It is essential to plumb the posts and to secure them temporarily with braces, if you want to get a professional result. Remove the braces after installing the support beams and the shade elements.
If you want to add character to the construction, you should consider add 2×2 trellis between the posts, as in the plans. Attach the components into place after aligning them at both ends. In addition, drill pilot holes and lock them together with 2 1/2″ galvanized screws. Make sure the small pieces of wood are parallel and the corners are right-angled.
Fit the trellis between the posts and align them at both ends, as in the image. After plumbing the trellis, we recommend you to lock them to the posts with wood screws. Countersink the head of the screws, in order to get a professional result.
The next step of the woodworking project is to attach the 2×6 support beams to the top of the posts. In order to get a professional result, we recommend you to clamp the beams to the posts, after leveling them with a spirit level.
PRO TIP: Drill pilot holes trough the components and insert 7″ carriage bolts. If you want to add style to your project, we recommend you to cut the ends of the beams in a decorative manner.
Building a the shade elements is not a difficult process, provided you use quality lumber and proper tools. As you can notice in the image, you need to make several notches inside the shade elements. Make several parallel cuts with a circular saw inside the marked area and clean the recess with a chisel. Afterwards, cut the ends of the crossbeams in a decorative manner.
Place the shade elements on top of the support beams equally spaced. In order to get a professional result, we recommend you to drill pilot holes trough the components and to insert 4″ screws into the support beams. Align the beams a both ends and plumb them with a spirit level, if you want to get consistent results.
In addition, you could also build two curved components and attach them to the both sides of the pergola, between the posts. In order to get the job done quickly, we recommend you to mark the guidance line on the 2×12 beams and to make the cuts with a jigsaw.
PRO TIP: Fit the elements between the wooden posts and lock them into place with 3 1/2″ galvanized screws, after drilling pilot holes.
Last but not least, you should take care of the final touches. Fill the holes with a good wood filler and let it dry out for several hours, before smoothing the surface with medium-grit sandpaper. Add 2×4 braces to the front and back ends of the pergola, if you want to add character to the pergola.
PRO TIP: Protect the wooden components of the trellis from decay by applying several coats of paint. In addition, if you choose the right color and finish, the trellis will enhance the look of your garden.
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