This projects contains detailed instructions and diagrams about garden shelter plans. Building an outdoor shelter is a complex woodworking project, but it will create a neat recreating area. Before starting the actual construction of the backyard shelter, we strongly recommend you to adjust its designs and size to your needs and budget. Use cedar, pine or redwood, if you want to build a durable wooden construction.
In this project, we show you step by step instructions for building a small shelter that is ideal for placing a picnic table and therefore for taking dinner with the loved ones. As you will see below, we have designed the shelter as to require a small investment and basic skills, materials and tools. If you want to create a permanent structure, we recommend you to set the posts into concrete for at least 24″.
Building an outdoor shelter
- 1 – 2 pieces of 2×5 lumber – 120″, 6 pieces – 63″ FRAME
- 2 – 8 pieces of 4×4 lumber – 101 1/2″” POSTS
- 3 – 18 pieces of 2×6 lumber – 120″ DECKING
- 4 – 2 piece of 4×4 lumber – 120″, 2 pieces – 96″ TOP RAILS
- 5 – 2 pieces of 4×4 lumber – 22 1/4″, 1 piece – 120″ TOP RIDGE
- 6 – 12 pieces of 2×4 lumber – 2×4 lumber – 62″ RAFTERS
- 7 – 30 pieces of 1×6 lumber – 120″ ROOFING
- One day
Garden Shelter Plans
The first step of the outdoor project is to build the frame of the small shelter. As you can see in the plans, you need to use 2×4 or 2×6 boards for the frame and 4×4 lumber for the posts. Drill pilot holes trough the rim joists and insert the screws into the regular joists. Check if the corners are right-angled and if the diagonals are equal, before continuing the project.
Drill pilot holes trough the frame and insert the bolts into the corner posts. Use a good spirit level to check if the posts are plumb before locking them to the posts. It is essential to pre-drill the lumber, in order to prevent the wood from splitting.
Afterwards, you have to install the decking to the frame. You could use 2×4 or 2×6 boards, according to your needs and tastes. Place a nails between the slats in order to create consistent gaps and drill pilot holes to prevent the wood from splitting. Cut small notches in the slats fitted around the posts.
The next step of the garden project is to fit the top rails. Therefore, you need to build the components from 4×4 lumber. Cut 3 1/2″ wide and 1 3/4″ deep notches at both ends of the rails, before locking them to the posts, as in the image. Drill pilot holes and add waterproof glue to the joints, before inserting the galvanized screws.
Continue the project by installing the top ridge. It is essential to reinforce the structure with 4×4 braces, as to provide support to the garden shelter. Cut both ends of the braces at 45º and lock them to the components with screws. Check if the supports are plumb and if the top ridge is horizontal.
Build the rafters form 2×4 lumber using the information shown in the diagrams. Use a good circular saw with a sharp blade to cut the ends at 30 degrees and to make the notches. It is essential to cut all the rafters ins the same manner and at the same size, otherwise they won’t fit together.
Attach the rafters to the top rails and ridge, as in the plans. Drill pilot holes at both ends and insert the screws into place. In addition, we recommend you to space the rafters as shown in the image, as to support the weight of the roof efficiently.
One of the last steps of the shelter project is to attach the roofing. Although there are many options you could choose from, we recommend you to attach 1×6 slats, starting with the bottom of the roof. Make sure the slats overlap at least 1″, if you want to get a professional result.
PRO TIP: Alternatively, you could cover the surface with 3/4″ plywood sheets and install asphalt shingles.
Lastly, you should take care of the final touches. Therefore, check if the components are locked into place properly and if the wooden structure is rigid. Make sure there are no protruding screws or sharp edges that could injure you.
PRO TIP: Fill the holes with a good wood filler and smooth the surface with medium-grit sandpaper. Apply several coats of paint or stain over the components, in order to protect them from decay. Check out the rest of the project, to see more alternatives for creating a relaxation corner in your garden.
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